The Queen's House was built around 1530, in a very different "Tudor" style than is found in the rest of the Tower of London. The Queen's House is one of the few such buildings to survive the Great Fire of London of 1666, and was spared because of its protected spot inside the Tower's stone walls.
Henry VIII probably built the Queen's House for Ann Boleyn, who was soon afterwards beheaded -- thanks to Henry-- at the Tower Green. Her daughter, the famous Queen Elizabeth I, probably dined at Queen's House in later years, though she herself lived in another Tower.
(By the way, Queens and Kings haven't lived in the Tower of London for quite a while, preferring the comforts of Buckingham Palace instead. Life in the Tower of London must have been cold and damp -- a setting in which we can more easily picture the Tower's many prisoners than coddled royalty.)
Early on, a floor for a Council Chamber was added to the Queen's House and it was here, in 1608, that Guy Fawkes was forced to confess his plot to blow up the Houses of Parliament with gunpowder. (If you're in England on November 5th, you'll see Guy Fawkes Day celebrated with bonfires and fireworks.)
The Tower of London is full of history: the more you read, the more the place will come to life.
- continue to Jewel House, Home of the Crown Jewels